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[Vote/Discussion] SC: Condemn Lord Dominator

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=sc
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=450537

Proposal text:
The Security Council,

Aware that Lord Dominator (herein "L. D.") is an influential nation of the world, being associated with regions such as Forest, Osiris, The Black Hawks and Lazarus, and is a nation that actively participates in World Assembly discussions.

Nonetheless, concerned by how L. D. has used its influence of late.

Noting that L. D. was highly influential during the debate surrounding SC#245 Liberate KAISERREICH, a resolution which has, for the most part, been deemed highly controversial.

Further noting that L. D. has itself led a similar crusade in SC#263 Liberate Confederation of Corrupt Dictators (with the Confederation of Corrupt Dictators herein "Confederation").

Disappointed that L. D. has described both SC#245 and SC#263 as condemnations in all but name. Wondering why L. D. did not propose condemnation resolutions initially; thus, unconvinced by L. D.'s sincerity with these resolutions.

Worried that L. D. may be prioritising a hidden agenda; that is, using the World Assembly as an avenue for raiding organisations. Confirming that L. D. itself is a raider nation, and has expressed its keen interest in raiding. Further confirming that L. D. has alluded to conducting military action against KAISERREICH and the Confederation, assisted by their effective liberations.

Challenging this idea practised by L. D. that the World Assembly can be used to initiate hostilities.

Upset that inevitable repeal resolutions against SC#245 and SC#263 will delay the Security Council's productivity, as will liberation resolutions similar in nature to SC#245 and SC#263.

Believing the actions of L. D. have damaged the reputation of the Security Council and have caused many member nations of the World Assembly to lose faith in this august body.

Hereby condemns Lord Dominator.

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Public Service Announcement

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Attention All Citizens!

This is an emergency broadcast by the Ministry of Information.

N-day 3 is nearly upon us; at the time of publication there are 56hours until launch.

All citizens are advised to seek immediate shelter.

End of line.



[Vote/Discussion] GA: Convention On International Oil Spills

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=ga
NS Forum link: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=450154

Proposal text:
The World Assembly,

Recognizing oil as a natural resource relied upon by many as a common source of fuel and energy, and forms the basis of a lucrative industry for most member nations;

However concerned with the many dangers of the extraction of oil in oceanic bodies, especially towards the marine ecosystem and quality of the nation’s water sources, posing risks including but not limited to:

a) Poisoning and killing off maritime life;

b) Spurring unnatural growth in certain algae populations that could threaten underwater plants’ ability to produce oxygen;

c) Stunting larval development and growth of maritime creatures;

d) Contaminating the nations' drinking water and spreading hazardous carcinogens including cancer-causing agents;

Fearing the demanding, nearly insurmountable task of cleaning up after an oil spills in international waters, and the inevitable threats that come with the spillage;

Desiring to prevent future oil spills in international waters, and facilitate their clean-up through a series of measures member nations are urged to take and through the dedication and work of the World Assembly Disaster Bureau;

Hereby:

1) Obligates member nations to establish appropriate legislation prohibiting the usage of faulty equipment in maritime oil extraction, create and uphold standards of safety of efficiency, and design oil spill emergency response plans;

2) Urges member nations to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels, and switch to alternate, eco-friendly energy sources including solar, wind, or geothermal energy;

3) Mandates that all oil extraction operations working in international waters take the following precautions to prevent oil spillage:

a)Inspect the operation thoroughly and check for any deterioration and leaks in equipment annually, especially oil drums, generators, and associated piping;

b) Test oil containers for integrity regularly;

c) Clean oil tanks every couple of years to prevent the corrosion and rusting of the tank;

d) Ensure that spill kits are easily accessible at oil extracting operations;

4) Strongly urges member nations do the following in the event of an oil spill:

a) Spray dispersants, a type of chemical agent that breaks up oil molecules and make them more easily biodegraded, on the area of oil spillage;

b) Use biological agents (nutrients, enzymes, and microorganisms) to further facilitate the biodegradation of oil spills;

c) Set booms made of absorbent material in the water along the edge of the oil spillage to contain the oil;

d) Rinse oiled shorelines and ruses using hoses that supply low or high-pressure water streams, and collect the runoff with plastic-lined trenches and sorbent materials;

e) Till and rake the shores and land penetrated by oil so that it can be exposed and evaporated, left to degrade naturally, or washed with pressure hoses;

5) Extends the authority of the World Assembly Disaster Bureau to:

a) Launch extensive relief efforts in the event of an oil spill in international waters;

b) Investigate allegations of dangerous and reckless mismanagement of maritime oil extraction;

c) Finance national projects to establish more safeguards against international oil spills at the request of the member nation;

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[Discussion/Vote] SC: Liberate Confederation Of Corrupt Dictators

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=sc
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=450071

Proposal text:
The Security Council,

Disgusted by the Confederation of Corrupt Dictators's open embrace of fascists and self-identification as such;

Observing without surprise that Confederation of Corrupt Dictators maintains diplomatic ties with several Nazi regions, including one previously liberated by this Assembly;

Concerned that Confederation of Corrupt Dictators may serve to indoctrinate new nations into fascism and similar abhorrent ideologies;

Exasperated by the region's previous attempt to commend themselves;

Aware that Confederation of Corrupt Dictators currently has an Executive Founder;

Hoping to warn both Confederation of Corrupt Dictators and future regions from promoting fascism, other such ideologies, and blatant use of this Assembly as recruitment and ego-boosting;

This Security Council hereby liberates Confederation of Corrupt Dictators.

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[Vote/Discussion] GA: Int'l Service Of Progress

(bit late, sorry)
Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=ga
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=417634

Proposal text:
Observing the importance of legal procedure in both criminal and civil laws;

Discerning the importance of the service of process in a procedural framework designed to prevent manipulation of a court system as a tool for state oppression;

Recognizing the inherent right of a state to establish its own jurisdictional procedure for its domestic court systems, yet

Appreciating the necessity of international procedure in an increasingly globalized world;

The World Assembly hereby establishes the following:

1) Service of process is defined as the procedure by which a party to legal action gives notice of the initialization of legal action to another party, so as to enable that party to respond to the proceeding before the judicial body.

2) Registered agent and registered office is an individual or entity, respectively, designated to receive service of process notices on behalf of a business entity so as to make service of process effective.

3) Member states will allow the service of process from other member states upon persons within their jurisdiction, provided it contains, at minimum:

a) The name and jurisdiction of the court and the parties;

b) The name of the recipient party

c) The name and address of the plaintiff's attorney and, if allowed by the initiating party’s jurisdiction, the name of the plaintiff;

d) A copy of the complaint which contains, at minimum, the charges and the role of the named recipient in the case;

e) The time within which the recipient must appear and respond;

f) A notification to the recipient party if a failure to appear and respond will result in a default judgment for relief; and

g) The signature and seal of an officer of the court from the initiating party’s jurisdiction.

4) Member states must allow service of process if the method by which it is sent is reasonable. A method is reasonable if it is the same or substantially similar to the method used by the host nation for the same or similar purposes.

5) Where service of process cannot be accomplished without the aid of an agent of a court, member states must either:

a) Allow agents of a foreign court entry into their nation and provide sufficient assistance to allow the agent to serve process upon recipient party, or

b) Dispatch an agent of their own court to serve process upon the recipient party on the foreign jurisdiction’s behalf.

6) Member states may require foreign court agents to bear the cost of their own travel and service, but may not demand excessive compensation from the foreign jurisdiction for the costs of serving process where the foreign agents were barred entry pursuant to subparagraph 5.b.

7) Member states may require that foreign service of process efforts comport with their own jurisdictional requirements where such requirements do not conflict with or frustrate the purpose of service of process and comport with international law.

8) Member states must ensure that all business associations and entities reasonably likely to be subject to international liability maintain a registered agent or office and publicly promulgate the contact information for such agents and offices, or otherwise ensure that officers of a court can identify and serve process on those entities.

9) This resolution does not require member states submit to extradition requirements or the adjudication of foreign entities, except where required by international law, nor does it apply to nonmember jurisdictions.

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Important announcement

This is to inform all the member nations of the bloc and the Bloc administration department that, following a legislation in The Dictatorship of Seigreiches Deutschland; The Govt. and the Parliament has agreed to rename the nation as ' The Glorious Nation of Goldsberg ' .



[Vote/Discussion] GA: Preventing The Execution Of Innocents

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=ga
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=449757&sid=8c1c7ac2049d47712204b4471a27ed5e

Proposal text:
Whereas there is considerable disagreement in the Assembly about the merits of banning capital punishment:

And whereas it is best to set a compromise, where the Assembly does its best efforts to permit, with effective regulations, capital punishment so to best reduce the chance of it falling upon those who have not committed the crime they are accused of:

Be it enacted by the World Assembly, as follows :—

1) Subject to World Assembly legislation, member nations are permitted to sentence and carry out capital punishment within their jurisdictions.

2) There shall be created a Capital Cases division in the Judicial Committee of the Compliance Commission, here referred to as the Division, staffed with competent jurists and forensic scientists, to review submitted cases. To prevent the Division from being overwhelmed by requests for review, any one jurisdiction shall submit no more than than one capital case per million inhabitants per year. For the purposes of avoiding confirmation bias in assessments, the Division shall not keep records of capital punishment procedures.

3) Member nations shall not attempt to pervert justice by unduly influencing the defendant or defence counsel. Nor shall member nations require or coerce the defendant or defence counsel to make decisions which may damage their defence or, in the case of counsel, the welfare of their client.

4) Member nations, when prosecuting capital cases, shall:

a) establish an office of a solicitor, specialised in the prosecution of capital cases, who shall conduct the prosecution of all capital cases within their jurisdiction,

b) provide the defendant with adequate representation at the state's expense, barring concurrent representation, if the defendant is unable to pay for such counsel,

c) provide the defence with all evidence collected in the process of investigation,

d) provide the defence ample time, no less than one year, to review and examine that evidence,

e) prohibit evidentiary barriers from barring the defence admission of evidence,

f) prove, such that there could not arise evidence (foreseeable at the time of trial) that would cast doubt on the guilt of the defendant for any charge which could carry a capital sentence, and

g) submit for review, to the Division, all facts of the case and conclusions reached at trial, at which time the Division shall decide whether to certify that all burdens of proof are met, there has been due process, and all conclusions on evidence are justifiable. If certification is withheld, the Division may dismiss or remand the case.

5) In all cases where a capital sentence is issued, before it is carried out,

a) member nations shall serially provide the Division and all counsel assigned or associated with a case, six months to discover, examine, and verify exculpatory evidence which could exonerate the defendant,

b) permit the defendant full access to the national appellate system and appeal to the Division upon discovery of possibly exonerating evidence or admissible evidence which casts into doubt the narrative put forth by the prosecution at the time of trial, and

c) provide to the defendant, in any legal proceedings related to their capital conviction, the same privileges afforded to defendant during and after the original trial.

6) Member nations shall not issue a capital sentence on any mentally incompetent person, as punishment for any non-violent crime, or as punishment for any crime not directly affecting more than one person. All capital sentences shall be carried out via a method which is, upon review demanded by any party to a capital case, proven beyond any reasonable doubt not to cause pain or suffering.

7) Member nations shall not extradite, except to World Assembly judicial institutions or jurisdictions without capital punishment, any person charged or likely to be charged with a capital offence. Nor shall any person be extradited to a place likely to commence judicial proceedings, which would contravene World Assembly legislation, against that person.

8) No member nation shall carry out a capital sentence on any person which has not had their case record certified by the Division within the last year. Nor shall member nations carry out such a sentence before the Division has certified that there exist no irregularities in the case record, the defendant has exhausted all available appeals, or the Division has certified that all procedures involved with carrying out that capital sentence comply with provisions set forth in World Assembly legislation.

9) All individuals currently sentenced to capital punishment or charged of a capital crime shall be afforded the protections of this resolution.

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[Vote/Discussion] GA: Ban On Capital Punishment

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=united_massachusetts_1535733142
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=446886

Proposal text:
Having already presented its rationale in GA 438,

Restating, however, that the death penalty institutionalizes a model of justice with only retributive value, a model inherently flawed in its assertion that violence and killing are best dealt with by more bloodshed,

Concerned that the use of capital punishment prevents nations from taking steps to correct errors in their legal process, the most grave and final sentence having already been delivered,

Believing that life sentences and other alternative punishments better provide criminals with the opportunities to repent for their wrongs and improve their habits,

Asserting that justice is best served without the death penalty, for it is cruel, condemns certain innocent people to death, and rejects the affirmation that all sapient life is valuable by its very existence,

The General Assembly, at long last, invoking its august power in this present session assembled, and by the advice and consent of its delegates and member nations, hereby:

1) Declares that no member state may execute any person under its jurisdiction,

2) Mandates that member nations commute any death sentences handed down within their jurisdiction, and instead determine through their legal processes an alternative punishment,

3) And prohibits member nations from extraditing individuals to a foreign nation where they are likely to face execution or capital punishment in line with prohibited punishment above.

Co-authored by: Imperium Anglorum

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[Vote/Discussion] SC: Commend Frattastan II

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=kuriko_1535552291
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=448842&sid=ee08a3df4c81fd77adca19b5fe76b7de

Proposal text:
The esteemed Security Council of the World Assembly,

AWARE that commendations are pieces of legislation meant to memorialize nations or regions for accomplishments and good deeds;

BELIEVING that one such nation, by the name of Frattastan II, also known as Frattastan or Fratt, is highly deserving of recognition for their services not only to The Rejected Realms but to countless other regions throughout NationStates;

THANKING Frattastan II for the seven years they have dedicated to The Rejected Realms, where they have served multiple roles in the regional government and provided outstanding contributions to the community including:

  • A term of 399 days as World Assembly Delegate and Head of State between April 5, 2013 and May 9, 2014. In this capacity Frattastan II oversaw multiple changes to the regional constitution which expanded the powers of the head of state, as well as setting terms for regional officer elections and increasing the majority needed to appoint a nation to the Citizenship Council. The Rejected Realms also adopted a stance of being a defender-aligned region after years of neutrality.
  • Overseeing the signing of the XYZ Treaty between The Rejected Realms, Lazarus, Renegade Islands Alliance, and Mordor during their tenure as delegate. Frattastan II also oversaw the passage of the Regional Holidays Act, as well as the adoption of the regional flag that is still in use today all during their tenure as Delegate and Head of State in The Rejected Realms.
  • Serving from December 2017 to August 2018 as Officer of Foreign Affairs, where they oversaw the writing of at least three treaties between The Rejected Realms and various other regions. These treaties include: the Unicorn Star Accord between The Rejected Realms and The North Pacific to bring the two regions closer together; The January Accords, a treaty to bring The Rejected Realms, The South Pacific, and The East Pacific closer together; And The Rejected Realms - Forest Treaty of Harmony and Friendship between Forest and The Rejected Realms to bring the two regions closer together through cultural ties.

RECOGNIZING that although Frattastan II has contributed hugely to The Rejected Realms, they have also contributed to many other regions and inter-regional organizations through their inhabitants original home nation of Frattastan including:

  • One term as World Assembly Delegate of San Francisco, a refugee region of San Francisco Bay Area after it was raided and destroyed in 2007.
  • One term as the second sitting President of San Francisco Bay Area after it was recovered from raider hands by Sedgistan, as well as one term each of being the Secretary of Interior and Secretary of Defense for San Francisco Bay Area.
  • Many important positions within The FRA, also known as The Founderless Regions Alliance, where they served two terms as Arch Chancellor, eight terms as Chief of Defense, four terms as Minister of Information, and one term as Vice Chancellor.

COGNIZANT that Frattastan II, under both their original home nation of Frattastan and their current home nation of Frattastan II, have contributed to both the security of founderless regions and the cause of defending immensely over the 11 years of their existence by:

  • Creating and leading the 21st San Francisco Bay Area Army, which merged into the FRA Rangers when the region joined the FRA on April 22nd, 2012.
  • Rising to the rank of General within the FRA Rangers, the second highest achievable position within the military wing of The Founderless Regions Alliance, where they served with distinction and defended many regions from raiders.
  • Leading the military of The Rejected Realms, The Rejected Realms Army, for six years after the retirement of Sedgistan and Crazy girl from the defending forces.
  • Helping to gather large numbers of defender forces for high stakes liberations, including over fifty defender nations to liberate Philippines on December 23rd, 2017 and to liberate Japan on September 17th, 2017; Fifty-three defender nations to liberate Belgium on April 14th, 2018; And thirty defender nations to liberate South Pacific on March 11th, 2018. These are considered some of the largest in defending’s history.

NOTING that Frattastan II has been recognized for their achievements in defending by being awarded the Ananke award in 2012, the Defender of the Year award in 2013, the Sir Lans award in 2013, and the Lifetime Achievement Award in 2017;

Hereby commends Frattastan II.

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[Vote/Discussion] GA: Circulation Of World Assembly Law

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=the_wallenburgian_world_assembly_offices_1535220860
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=446290&p=34312859

Proposal text:
Aware that compliance with World Assembly laws relies upon popular understanding of national and international law,

Valuing prompt and appropriate publication of newly enacted national and international legislation,

Recognizing the benefits of a well-informed populace,

Wishing to inform the general public on all matters of World Assembly law,

The World Assembly,

1) Requires member nations to make available to all their inhabitants the text of World Assembly resolutions,

2) Urges member states to include information on particularly important World Assembly resolutions in their public education curriculum, and thorough education on all facets of World Assembly legislation in publicly funded legal education,

3) Recommends that member nations encourage all inhabitants to seek an understanding of World Assembly law, especially if it directly affects their lives,

4) Tasks a World Assembly Law Dissemination Service, hereafter referred to as WALDS, with the publication of World Assembly resolutions, and with the timely dissemination of these publications to inhabitants of member states,

a) The WALDS shall oversee the dissemination of publications such as law books of previously passed resolutions, public notices of newly enacted resolutions and repeals, and commentary of ambassadors and other relevant public figures familiar with World Assembly law,

b) These publications shall include the text of passed resolutions and resolutions at vote, analytical and contextual commentary on their clauses, their effects on member states and their inhabitants, and any other information the WALDS considers relevant to its audiences,

5) Advises the WALDS to negotiate and cooperate with national publishers and news media in order to reduce costs, delegate responsibility, and increase efficacy of its publications,

6) Mandates the free passage of agents of the WALDS to and from member states in order to carry out their duties, subject to any standard border safety measures not related to their status as World Assembly employees,

7) Also mandates that member states allow the WALDS to negotiate and cooperate with public and private publishers and news media operating within their borders, with the consent of said organizations.

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[Vote/Discussion] SC: Repeal "Liberate The Communal Confederacy"

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=kuriko_1535117724
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=448773&sid=44d609fc6707968d03185171cc06f28c

Proposal text:
Security Council Resolution #244 “Liberate The Communal Confederacy” shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

The Security Council,

Acknowledging that at the time of its passage, SC#244 Liberate The Communal Confederacy was enacted without native consent;

Believing that SC#244 was necessary at the time, allowing the region to be freed from Kaiserreich’s control by defender forces and preventing it from becoming a trophy region to invading forces;

Noting that all native nations have either entered the void or moved on to the region Economic Union of Non Aligned Nations;

Further believing that SC#244 has served its purpose, and is no longer needed due to an active founder nation;

Hereby repeals SC#244 Liberate The Communal Confederacy.

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[Vote/Discussion] SC: Commend Confederation Of Corrupt Dictators

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=shrewllamaland_1534954535
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=448716

Proposal text:
The Security Council,

Acknowleding the efforts made by the Confederation of Corrupt Dictators (herein the Confederation) in creating the most populous collective of fascist nations in the world;

Believing that the Security Council has the responsibility to recoginise contributions of regions founded on less conventional systems of government;

Applauding the great contributions made to the fascist community by the Confederation, in particular the efforts of the Supreme Council led by the regional founder, Jocospor;

Noting that the Confederation is an old region with a very rich history, which has recently seen immense growth and now ranks among the most populous regions in the world;

Admiring the great contributions of the Confederation to the World Assembly; in particular, by encouraging less-prominent factions within both the General Assembly and Security Council not to be misled by influental magnates;

Recognising that the Confederation has exercised its international power to promote the spread of fascism and dictatorial governance throughout the world, and in doing so has provided a new home for many hundreds of like-minded nations;

Hereby commends the Confederation of Corrupt Dictators.

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[Vote/Discussion] GA:

(title continues: Repeal “On Universal Jurisdiction”)

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=imperium_anglorum_1535037852
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=446861

Proposal text:
General Assembly Resolution #312 “On Universal Jurisdiction” (Category: International Security; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

This august World Assembly,

Concerned that the target resolution requires nations to prosecute in section 3, but that the target does not also require that nations provide prosecutors with information they may have, meaning that the target sets up a prosecutorial scheme where nations may be prosecuting persons without a full accounting of the facts,

Observing that section 7 of the target resolution “[f]orbids the World Assembly from preempting a member state’s claim to universal jurisdiction under this resolution, including but not limited to through an international criminal court or a substantially similar institution”,

Seeing that it is patently obvious that this section prohibits the Assembly from establish an international court,

Believing that a lack of such a court means:

a) there are few prosecutions of war criminals and perpetrators of genocide, since (i) prosecutorial discretion exists from differing interpretations of section 3(c) and (ii) such criminals and perpetrators would not willingly move themselves to jurisdictions which would prosecute them and

b) victims of war crimes and other crimes against humanity are unlikely to receive justice, as (i) even when prosecutions occur, they will likely be in friendly jurisdictions, meaning that they will be slaps on the wrist and (ii) section 3(b) prohibits a second trial, even when punishment is minimal to nonexistent,

Expressing its malcontent at this state of affairs, where criminality of the worst degree is not punished, where the international rules-based order is unable to deter would-be tyrants from engaging in mass murder or other heinous crimes,

Saddened at the deaths caused by the Assembly’s inability to act and the incredible injustices that the Assembly is unable to take action to right, and

Calling for the creation of an international criminal court to resolve these issues, hereby:

Repeals GA 312 “On Universal Jurisdiction”

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[Vote/Discussion] GA: Convention On Freshwater Shortages

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=rovikstead_1535035487
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=442140&sid=de44b21daf603037450c956d6e430ee2

Proposal text:
The World Assembly,

Aware that clean, safe drinking water in many nations of the World Assembly is progressively becoming more scarce as it is lost to pollution, greater demands by the growing population, and unsustainable consumption;

Acknowledging that, even today, the World Assembly bears witness to the devastating effects of freshwater shortages in some struggling nations within its hallowed halls;

Recognizing the dangerous consequences shortages of clean water have on the public welfare of member nations afflicted with this issue such as civilians needing to resort to drinking unclean water;

Further recognizing the severe effects water shortages may have on nations' economies, with this issue crippling the agricultural sector, spurring greater unrest within the nation, and increasing the migration of large populations;

Observing that both an uninformed public and the business sector are the two greatest contributors to freshwater pollution and over-consumption in many member nations;

Convinced that leaving the issue of freshwater shortages unaddressed would exacerbate current water shortages in some member nations, and have undoubtedly tragic consequences to other nations in the near future;

Desiring to address this issue through a series of proposed actions member nations are strongly advised to take, and through the work and dedication of the Joint Water Resources Management Panel;

Hereby:

1) Defines, for the purposes of this resolution, "Greywater" as water that can be safely used for irrigation, cooling off factory equipment, and other purposes not involving public consumption;

2) Strongly urges member nations to monitor and measure their freshwater supply (based on estimates) annually in order to observe and determine trends in the condition of the water, and to take any further actions, if necessary, in improving the management of the freshwater supply with this information to avoid extensive contamination and shortages;

3) Encourages member nations to reduce businesses’ excessive use and pollution of fresh water with appropriate legislative action including:

a) Establishing a limit on the annual freshwater footprint of certain industries;

b) Instituting regular inspections of water pipelines of manufacturing companies, especially of water plants, to find and prevent the use of faulty or corroded piping, contamination of water, or the spillage of massive volumes of water;

4) Obligates member nations to educate the public on the causes and effects of water shortages, proper water usage, and practical methods of water conservation;

5) Recommends that member nations practice the following methods to effectively prevent water shortages:

a) Creating irrigated agricultural basins, man-made depressions in the land engineered to collect run-off, to improve agricultural water productivity and irrigation efficiency;

b) Collecting and recycling rainwater;

c) Processing runoff and sewage into greywater;

6) Prohibits member nations or any businesses contained wherein from disposing hazardous waste into oceanic bodies, international waters, and the public drinking supply;

7) Extends the authority of the Joint Water Resources Management Panel to include:

a) Sending aid to member nations suffering from an environmental disaster threatening their freshwater and drinking supply at the nation’s request;

b) Providing member nations the tools they need to monitor freshwater resources, and finance projects that aim to reduce the over-consumption or contamination and pollution of freshwater in member nations that lack the fiscal resources to manage the projects themselves upon the nation’s request;

c) Educating farmers and the agricultural industry on how to effectively reduce water use in agriculture, teaching them topics including the precise use of irrigation and how to enhance the water retention of soil, at the nation's request;

d) Assisting in the management of the freshwater supply of member nations in dire circumstances where the national freshwater and drinking supply is under a very real, severe threat wherein the public health is being harmed.

Co-authored by Araraukar and Kenmoria

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[Vote/Discussion] GA: Administrative Compliance Act

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=separatist_peoples_1534966257
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=429448

Proposal text:
Understanding that many nations deliberately contravene international laws to gain an unfair advantage over their neighbours;

Noting that others do so to oppress their citizens, extract revenues from governmental institutions and operations, discredit their opponents, and secure their tenuous bases of power;

Haunted by the suffering bred by noncompliance;

Resolute to succor its victims and hold their oppressors to account;

Observing that the World Assembly has already taken steps in combatting these transgressions against international law by passing GAR#390, ‘Compliance Commission’; and

Giving credence to the body of damning evidence assembled by the WACC;

Hereby enacts the following:

Article I. Independent Adjudicative Office

1) The World Assembly creates the Independent Adjudicative Office (“IAO”) and directs it to:

a) Hold fair and independent evidentiary hearings for claims of noncompliance brought by the WACC, overseen by a panel of independent adjudicators;

b) Decide on the merits of the claims and arguments as to whether a fine is appropriate based on a reasonable interpretation of international law;

c) Coordinate with the WA General Accounting Office ("GAO") to assess and levy a fine and schedule calculated proportionately to the violation but in no case less than what will reasonably coerce compliance from member states;

d) The assessments must be based on:

i) the severity of the noncompliance,

ii) the state’s objective intent to commit noncompliance or the actions proximate to a violation,

iii) the good faith nature of the state’s actions proximate to a violation,

iv) the state’s history of noncompliance,

v) force majeure preventing the state from fulfilling its obligations, and

vi) other mitigating or aggravating circumstances;

2) Remain entirely independent from the WACC and any subcommittees, except for essential coordination to ensure procedural due process for all involved parties;

3) Ensure no ex parte communications occur between itself and any involved parties, and to enforce appropriate remedies if such communications do occur;

4) Promulgate and follow procedure for hearings in a manner consistent with the principles of justice, fairness, and due process;

5) Record and make publicly available all hearing records, excepting those involving privileged individual information, proprietary commercial data, or material necessary for national security.

Article II. Compliance Commission

1) The World Assembly establishes the World Assembly Solicitor’s Office (“WASO”) as a subset of the WA Compliance Commission (“WACC”), and directs it to:

a) Review investigations regarding member noncompliance;

b) Accept reports of noncompliance from both member states and individual and sub-national entities, subject to WASO discretion;

c)File a complaint, containing evidence and all applicable law, to the Independent Adjudicative Office and accordingly prosecute that complaint;

d) Communicate with those member states which are the subject of the complaint and inform them of any available steps that might prevent filing of a complaint;

e) Maintain discretion over which compliance violations to pursue.

Article III. General Accounting Office

1) The World Assembly tasks the GAO with collecting all IAO fines and crediting them against the required contribution amount due from members found compliant during the same assessment period.

Article IV. Member State Rights and Duties

1) Every inhabitant of a member state is entitled to an effective remedy against their state for all injuries to their person, property, or character by having recourse in law or equity for any right, made explicitly or implicitly by a restriction on member states, created by World Assembly law.

2) Member states may not prevent or discourage individuals or entities from cooperating with the WASO, nor from asserting any other right in this resolution, subject only to reasonable justiciability restrictions.

3) Member states may have a representative and legal counsel present at IAO hearings to act in their defense.

4) Member states must enforce the strongest sanctions available against those member states that refuse to pay IAO fines, subject only to the limitations of extant law, until the fines are paid or the issue becomes moot.

5) Member states must cooperate fully with, and not restrict or frustrate the actions of, all World Assembly committees referenced in this resolution.

Article V. World Assembly Limitations

1) The World Assembly may not restrict or frustrate IAO fine assessment or collection, nor impose limits on the extent or duration of member state obligations under this resolution.

Co-Authored by Imperium Anglorum

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World Assembly Sponsorship Program!

WASP

World Assembly Sponsorship Program

What is the program?
The World Assembly Sponsorship Program (WASP) is a program set up by the Ministry of WA Affairs to help residents with making sure their proposal goes to vote and passes the General Assembly/Security Council. If your proposal is accepted by the Ministry, you will get the Delegate’s approval, and the Ministry will run a Delegate approval campaign and, if it gets to vote, a campaign targeting nations that voted against, prioritising Delegates.

What are the requirements?
To be eligible for WASP, you have to have your WA nation in The Communist Bloc, and you must have had your proposal on the NationStates forums for a substantial amount of time.

How does the application process work?
When you submit your proposal, which meets the above requirements, it will be reviewed by the Minister of WA Affairs and WA Delegate to determine if it meets the proposal standard of the WA. SC proposals are also being reviewed by the MoFA. If all accept it, it will be internally voted upon by Ministry of WA Affairs staff. Note: if a MoWAA staff member signs up, he/she may not participate in the internal vote.

Application form!

WA nation:
Council: (General Assembly/Security Council)
Proposal title:
Link to proposal’s NS forum thread:
Proposal Category:
Proposal Summary:

Applications should be sent as a reply to this post!



[Vote/Discussion] GA: Freedom Of Expression For Organisations

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=uan_aa_boa_1534513818
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=445548

Proposal text:
The World Assembly,

Reaffirming the right of individuals to express themselves freely without fear of reprisal from the state,

Aware that protecting this right counts for little if governments are able to censor political parties, arts organisations, campaigns, civil rights groups, publishers, internet service providers, web hosts and other entities that are not individuals,

Believing that nations should, if they choose, be able to limit the influence of corporations, and of those organisations that seek to promote hatred,

Hereby,

1) Defines a legal person to be an entity other than an individual that has rights or obligations in law,

2)Mandates that member states shall extend to legal persons the same rights in regard to free expression as they afford individuals, save that they may impose reasonable restrictions on the free expression of legal persons in order to prevent

a) disproportionate influence on government by profit-making organisations and those acting under their direction, or on their behalf

b) incitement of hatred on the basis of race, nationality, immigration status, religion, sexual orientation, disability, gender identity, or gender reassignment

c) denial of historical acts of genocide

3) Reserves to member states the right to regulate advertising as they see fit, subject to the provisions of prior and unrepealed resolutions,

4) Clarifies that, for the purpose of this resolution, a reasonable restriction on free expression is one that does not limit expression in significantly more circumstances than is necessary to achieve its legitimate objective,

5) Emphasises that this resolution does not prevent the regulation of campaign finance or other donations to political organisations.

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GA: Uniform Labeling Of Hazardous Goods

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=ransium_1534046698\
NS Forum thread: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=443154

Proposal link:
The World Assembly,

Praising the work already done to unify safety standards for commercial transport, as well to establish regulations for the cleanup of hazardous spills and leaks,

Aware that inconsistent requirements for the labeling of hazardous material creates legal, technical, and practical obstacles to free trade,

Concerned that the current lack of regulation allows for inadequate markings, markings which vary by nation or even province, and markings which are not internationally understandable,

Conscious that confusion regarding hazardous goods increases the danger and likelihood of an accident during transportation,

Troubled by accidental spills impact on free trade through the full or partial closure of roadways, ports, and other trade routes,

Noting that when accidents occur involving hazardous materials, first responders' optimal actions depend on the precise nature of the hazardous good, particularly with regards to flammability, reactivity, and toxicity, and that improper actions of first responders can increase damage to trade infrastructure, and puts the lives of those in the vicinity of the accident at risk,

Hereby,

Entrusts the International Transport Safety Committee (ITSC) with creating a labeling system to communicate the important risks and dangers of materials in a manner that is both noticeable and as universally recognizable as possible;

Further entrusts the ITSC to establish vessel specific standards as to the optimal size, number, and placement of warning symbols;

Charges the ITSC with the responsibility of periodically reviewing the labeling system for modernization or other improvements, while balancing the benefits of consistency;

Mandates nations adhere to the ITSC's standards when transporting hazardous materials across international borders, except where compliance interferes with national security;

Empowers the ITSC to levy punitive measures on responsible organizations or government bodies for non-compliance, including mandatory training or fines (the proceeds of which shall go to the WA General Fund);

Urges vessels also adhere to the ITSC labeling guidelines for the transportation of hazardous materials in non-mandated situations;

Requires ITSC disseminated training materials be given to relevant professionals and other interested parties;

Suggests the display of ITSC labels in areas used for the long term storage of hazardous goods.

Vote!

Comrade WA Delegate will vote according to the For/Against votes and will abstain if a plurality of votes for Abstain are cast.

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[Vote/Discussion] GA: Repeal "Crime and Punishment"

Proposal link: https://www.nationstates.net/page=UN_view_proposal/id=united_massachusetts_1533962401
NS Forum link: https://forum.nationstates.net/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=441206

Proposal text:
General Assembly Resolution #375 “Crime and Punishment” (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

The General Assembly,

Lauding the various mandates within "Crime and Punishment" which seek to curb the inhumanities and cruelties associated with the provision of capital punishment in certain, more sinister nations,

Concerned, however, by Clause 1 of the target resolution, which effectively prevents a substantive ban on capital punishment across World Assembly member-states,

Convinced that such a ban would be desirable for the following reasons:

a. the finality of the death penalty prevents the state from correcting any errors made in the legal and conviction processes, thereby inevitably condemning to death certain innocent individuals,

b. a great many individuals facing the death penalty are unable to afford their own attorneys, and are often forced to rely on overburdened public defense mechanisms,

c. any long legal process associated with the death penalty is bound to extend the pain and frustrations of crime victims, rather than provide the closure they need and desire,

d. the predominantly retributive model of justice employed by the death penalty has failed to deter crime in any provable way,

e. permitting the death penalty represents a rejection of the notion that life has intrinsic worth merely by virtue of its existence,

Noting that such a ban has already been drafted and will be proposed in short order following the passage of this repeal,

Seeking, therefore, to empower this Assembly once again to ban the morally problematic, unmerciful, and outdated practice of capital punishment, does hereby repeal General Assembly Resolution #375, "Crime and Punishment."

Vote

Comrade WA Delegate will vote according to the For/Against votes and will abstain if a plurality of votes for Abstain are cast.

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Executive Order #17

Greetings again citizens of the Bloc!

Today I have issued EO#17. The reasoning for this was seeing that the original EO, EO#8, was not designed to really capture how the citizens feel about the actions of the Ministries. Therefore, I have issued this Executive Order in an attempt to solve this problem. This EO will allow the Executive to accurately gauge how the citizens view the actions of the Ministries.

Thank you,
Lil' Stapler